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Example article

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Revision as of 13:58, 10 September 2018 by Editor1 (talk | contribs)
Article Information
Category: Ground Operations Ground Operations
Content source: SKYbrary About SKYbrary
Content control: SKYbrary About SKYbrary


First read the article [[Writing a SKYbrary Article]. This article is intended as a deeper and more pragmatic discussion regarding writing conventions, the structure of articles and some tips and example code that will be useful when writing SKYbrary articles.

Article Title

If the title of an article is to include a commonly recognised abbreviation, always include the full name and add the abbreviation in brackets afterwards, e.g. Instrument Landing System (ILS).

The title of an article should reflect the terminology in use in Europe. Differences in terms between North America and Europe/Rest of World are addressed by ensuring that the North American terms are referred to in the body of the text - this way they will be picked up by search engines. For example take a look at the article on Level Bust; in this case the North American term is highlighted at the top of the article in a larger font like this:

Altitude Deviation

This isn't absolutely necessary - the important thing is to endsure that alternative recognised terminology is referred to at some ;point in the main body text, usually within the Description.

Article Structure

Articles addressing an operational risk should conform to the same generic layout as shown in the exemplar article on Jet Stream. For other articles however, this may not be appropriate. In such cases, the article should always start with a Definition and/or a Description in which you explain what the article is about and also, where appropriate, what it is not about. The main body should then be structured in a logical way finishing with Related Articles (internal links) and Further Reading (external links and Bookshelf items).

Style and Language

SKYbrary articles are closer to an Encyclopaedia entry than a magazine article. The article must avoid references to future events as this makes the article look dated when viewed after those events have taken place. Article are written in UK English.

Accidents and Incidents

Any use of a previous accident or incident, to illustrate a safety point, must link to an existing event in SKYbrary's A&I event database. If the perfect illustration of a safety issue is an event currently not included in the database then a request should be made to the Content Manager to have the event included in the Database (this could take 3 months).

It is often very useful to include a dynamic query that will list all events in the SKYbrary A&I database that are tagged with a relevant tag. e.g. a list of all events that tagged as Overrun on Take Off

  • AT43, Madang Papua New Guinea, 2013 (On 19 October 2013, an ATR42 freighter departing Madang had to reject its takeoff when it was impossible to rotate and it ended up semi-submerged in a shallow creek beyond the airfield perimeter. The Investigation found that loading had been contrary to instructions and the aircraft had a centre of gravity outside the permitted range and was overweight. This was attributed to the aircraft operator’s lack of adequate procedures for acceptance and loading of cargo. A lack of appreciation by all parties of the need to effectively mitigate runway overrun risk in the absence of a RESA was also highlighted.)
  • A345, Melbourne Australia, 2009 (On 20 March 2009 an Airbus A340-500, operated by Emirates, commenced a take-off roll for a normal reduced-thrust take-off on runway 16 at Melbourne Airport. The attempt to get the aircraft airborne resulted in a tail strike and an overrun because insufficient thrust had been set based upon an incorrect flight crew data entry.)
  • MD88, Groningen Netherlands, 2003 (On 17 June 2003, a crew of a Boeing MD-88, belonging to Onur Air, executed a high speed rejected take-off at a late stage which resulted in overrun of the runway and serious damage to the aircraft.)

A lists of events that accompany each Category e.g. Accident and Serious Incident Reports: AW is an easy source of the code needed to set up a query. More sophisticated queries are possible e.g. that show a particular kind of event that occurred in a specific phase of flight.


Images on SKYbrary are presented in the following way:

The helicopter floating in Victoria Harbour (Reproduced from the Official Report)

When uploading images, ensure that the size of the image is below 1mb in size.


Constructing tables is complex and takes a certain amount of patience. Here is an example of a tables whose code can be used as a template:

L/N/P/P* Morse L/N/P/P Morse L/N/P/P Morse L/N/P/P Morse
A (a) · −  B (b)   −· · ·  C (c)  −· −·  D (d) −· ·  
E (e) ·  F (f)   · ·−·  G (g)  − −·  H (h) · ·· ·  
I (i) · ·  J (j) ·  −  −  − K (k)  − · − L (l) · − · ·  
M (m) −−  N (n)   −·  O (o)  − −− P (p) · −−·  
Q (q)  −−· −  R (r)  ·   −·    S (s)  ·· ·  T (t)
U (u) ··  − V (v) · · ·   − W (w)    · − −  X (x) − · ·− 
Y (y) −· − − Z (z)   −−· · 
1 · − −−− 2 ··  −−− 3 · ·· −− 4 ··· · −
5 · ·  · · ·  6   −· · · ·  7  − −· · ·  8  − −−· ·   
9  − −−−·  0  − −−−−
Period [.]  ·−  ·−  ·−  Comma [,]   − −  ··−  −  Question [?]  ·  · − −· ·  Exclamation [!]  ·−  ·−  − −   
Parenthesis Open [(]  −  ·−  −  · Parenthesis Close [)]   −·−  −   ·−  Colon [:]  − − −· · ·  Semi Colon [;] −  · −  ·−  ·
Start   −·  −·  − End of Work    · · ·   −·  − New Page   ·  −·  −·   Wait ·  −· ·   ·  
Understood  · · ·   −· Error · ·  · · · · ·  ·