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Any use of a previous accident or incident, to illustrate a safety point, must link to an existing event in SKYbrary's A&I event database. If the perfect illustration of a safety issue is an event currently not included in the database then a request should be made to the Content Manager to have the event included in the Database (this could take 3 months).
 
Any use of a previous accident or incident, to illustrate a safety point, must link to an existing event in SKYbrary's A&I event database. If the perfect illustration of a safety issue is an event currently not included in the database then a request should be made to the Content Manager to have the event included in the Database (this could take 3 months).
  
It is often very useful to include a dynamic query that will list all events in the SKYbrary A&I database that are relevant. e.g.
+
It is often very useful to include a dynamic query that will list all events in the SKYbrary A&I database that are tagged with a relevant tag. e.g. a list of all events that tagged as Overrun on Take Off
  
 
{{#ask: [[RE::Overrun on Take Off]]
 
{{#ask: [[RE::Overrun on Take Off]]
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|limit=3}}
 
|limit=3}}
  
For examples of what dynamic lists are available, take a look at the lists of events that accompany each Category e.g. [[Accident and Serious Incident Reports: AW]]
+
A lists of events that accompany each Category e.g. [[Accident and Serious Incident Reports: AW]] is an easy source of the code needed to set up a query. More sophisticated queries are possible e.g. that show a particular kind of event that occurred in a specific phase of flight.
 +
 
 +
==Images==
 +
 
 +
Images on SKYbrary are presented in the following way:
 +
 
 +
[[File:A139_2010_ditched.jpg|thumb|none|500px|The helicopter floating in Victoria Harbour (Reproduced from the Official Report)]]
 +
 
 +
When uploading images, ensure that the size of the image is below 1mb in size.
 +
 
 +
==Tables==
 +
 
 +
Constructing tables is complex and takes a certain amount of patience. Here is an example of a tables whose code can be used as a template:
 +
 
 +
{|{{Prettytable}}
 +
|'''L/N/P/P*'''
 +
|'''Morse'''
 +
|'''L/N/P/P'''
 +
|'''Morse'''
 +
|'''L/N/P/P'''
 +
|'''Morse'''
 +
|'''L/N/P/P'''
 +
|'''Morse'''
 +
|-
 +
|A (a)
 +
!<font size=5>· − 
 +
|B (b)
 +
!<font size=5>  −· · · 
 +
|C (c)
 +
!<font size=5> −· −· 
 +
|D (d)
 +
!<font size=5>−· ·  
 +
|-
 +
|E (e)
 +
!<font size=5>· 
 +
|F (f)
 +
!<font size=5>  · ·−· 
 +
|G (g)
 +
!<font size=5> − −· 
 +
|H (h)
 +
!<font size=5>· ·· ·  
 +
|-
 +
|I (i)
 +
!<font size=5>· · 
 +
|J (j)
 +
!<font size=5>·  −  −  −
 +
|K (k)
 +
!<font size=5> − · −
 +
|L (l)
 +
!<font size=5>· − · ·  
 +
|-
 +
|M (m)
 +
!<font size=5>−− 
 +
|N (n)
 +
!<font size=5>  −· 
 +
|O (o)
 +
!<font size=5> − −−
 +
|P (p)
 +
!<font size=5>· −−·  
 +
|-
 +
|Q (q)
 +
!<font size=5> −−· − 
 +
|R (r)
 +
!<font size=5> ·   −·   
 +
|S (s)
 +
!<font size=5> ·· · 
 +
|T (t)
 +
!<font size=5>−
 +
|-
 +
|U (u)
 +
!<font size=5>··  −
 +
|V (v)
 +
!<font size=5>· · ·   −
 +
|W (w)
 +
!<font size=5>   · − − 
 +
|X (x)
 +
!<font size=5>− · ·− 
 +
|-
 +
|Y (y)
 +
!<font size=5>−· − −
 +
|Z (z)
 +
!<font size=5>  −−· · 
 +
|
 +
!<font size=5> 
 +
|
 +
!<font size=5>
 +
|-
 +
|1
 +
!<font size=5>· − −−−
 +
|2
 +
!<font size=5>··  −−−
 +
|3
 +
!<font size=5>· ·· −−
 +
|4
 +
!<font size=5>··· · −
 +
|-
 +
|5
 +
!<font size=5>· ·  · · · 
 +
|6
 +
!<font size=5>  −· · · · 
 +
|7
 +
!<font size=5> − −· · · 
 +
|8
 +
!<font size=5> − −−· ·   
 +
|-
 +
|9
 +
!<font size=5> − −−−· 
 +
|0
 +
!<font size=5> − −−−−
 +
|
 +
!<font size=5> 
 +
|
 +
!<font size=5>
 +
|-
 +
|Period ['''.''']
 +
!<font size=5> ·−  ·−  ·− 
 +
|Comma [''',''']
 +
!<font size=5>  − −  ··−  − 
 +
|Question ['''?''']
 +
!<font size=5> ·  · − −· · 
 +
|Exclamation ['''!''']
 +
!<font size=5> ·−  ·−  − −   
 +
|-
 +
|Parenthesis Open ['''(''']
 +
!<font size=5> −  ·−  −  ·
 +
|Parenthesis Close [''')''']
 +
!<font size=5>  −·−  −   ·− 
 +
|Colon [''':''']
 +
!<font size=5> − − −· · · 
 +
|Semi Colon [''';''']
 +
!<font size=5>−  · −  ·−  ·
 +
|-
 +
|Start
 +
!<font size=5>  −·  −·  −
 +
|End of Work
 +
!<font size=5>   · · ·   −·  −
 +
|New Page
 +
!<font size=5>  ·  −·  −·  
 +
|Wait
 +
!<font size=5>·  −· ·   ·  
 +
|-
 +
|Understood
 +
!<font size=5> · · ·   −·
 +
|Error
 +
!<font size=5>· ·  · · · · ·  · 
 +
|
 +
!<font size=5>
 +
|
 +
!<font size=5> 
 +
|-
 +
|}

Revision as of 13:58, 10 September 2018

Article Information
Category: Ground Operations Ground Operations
Content source: SKYbrary About SKYbrary
Content control: SKYbrary About SKYbrary

Description

First read the article [[Writing a SKYbrary Article]. This article is intended as a deeper and more pragmatic discussion regarding writing conventions, the structure of articles and some tips and example code that will be useful when writing SKYbrary articles.

Article Title

If the title of an article is to include a commonly recognised abbreviation, always include the full name and add the abbreviation in brackets afterwards, e.g. Instrument Landing System (ILS).

The title of an article should reflect the terminology in use in Europe. Differences in terms between North America and Europe/Rest of World are addressed by ensuring that the North American terms are referred to in the body of the text - this way they will be picked up by search engines. For example take a look at the article on Level Bust; in this case the North American term is highlighted at the top of the article in a larger font like this:

Altitude Deviation

This isn't absolutely necessary - the important thing is to endsure that alternative recognised terminology is referred to at some ;point in the main body text, usually within the Description.

Article Structure

Articles addressing an operational risk should conform to the same generic layout as shown in the exemplar article on Jet Stream. For other articles however, this may not be appropriate. In such cases, the article should always start with a Definition and/or a Description in which you explain what the article is about and also, where appropriate, what it is not about. The main body should then be structured in a logical way finishing with Related Articles (internal links) and Further Reading (external links and Bookshelf items).

Style and Language

SKYbrary articles are closer to an Encyclopaedia entry than a magazine article. The article must avoid references to future events as this makes the article look dated when viewed after those events have taken place. Article are written in UK English.

Accidents and Incidents

Any use of a previous accident or incident, to illustrate a safety point, must link to an existing event in SKYbrary's A&I event database. If the perfect illustration of a safety issue is an event currently not included in the database then a request should be made to the Content Manager to have the event included in the Database (this could take 3 months).

It is often very useful to include a dynamic query that will list all events in the SKYbrary A&I database that are tagged with a relevant tag. e.g. a list of all events that tagged as Overrun on Take Off

  • AT43, Madang Papua New Guinea, 2013 (On 19 October 2013, an ATR42 freighter departing Madang had to reject its takeoff when it was impossible to rotate and it ended up semi-submerged in a shallow creek beyond the airfield perimeter. The Investigation found that loading had been contrary to instructions and the aircraft had a centre of gravity outside the permitted range and was overweight. This was attributed to the aircraft operator’s lack of adequate procedures for acceptance and loading of cargo. A lack of appreciation by all parties of the need to effectively mitigate runway overrun risk in the absence of a RESA was also highlighted.)
  • DC86, Manston UK, 2010 (On 11 August 2010, a Douglas DC8-63F being operated by Afghanistan-based operator Kam Air on a non scheduled cargo flight from Manston UK to Sal, Cape Verde Islands failed to get airborne until after the end of departure runway 28 during a daylight take off in normal visibility. The aircraft eventually became airborne and climbed away normally and when ATC advised of the tail strike, the aircraft commander elected to continue the flight as planned and this was achieved without further event. Minor damage to the aircraft was found after flight and there was also damage to an approach light for the reciprocal runway direction.)
  • B703, Sydney Australia, 1969 (On 1 December 1969, a Boeing 707-320 being operated by Pan Am and making a daylight take off from Sydney, Australia ran into a flock of gulls just after V1 and prior to rotation and after a compressor stall and observed partial loss of thrust on engine 2 (only), the aircraft commander elected to reject the take off. Despite rapid action to initiate maximum braking and the achievement of full reverse thrust on all engines including No 2, this resulted in an overrun of the end of the runway by 170m and substantial aircraft damage. A full emergency evacuation was carried out with no injuries to any of the occupants. There was no fire.)

A lists of events that accompany each Category e.g. Accident and Serious Incident Reports: AW is an easy source of the code needed to set up a query. More sophisticated queries are possible e.g. that show a particular kind of event that occurred in a specific phase of flight.

Images

Images on SKYbrary are presented in the following way:

The helicopter floating in Victoria Harbour (Reproduced from the Official Report)

When uploading images, ensure that the size of the image is below 1mb in size.

Tables

Constructing tables is complex and takes a certain amount of patience. Here is an example of a tables whose code can be used as a template:

L/N/P/P* Morse L/N/P/P Morse L/N/P/P Morse L/N/P/P Morse
A (a) · −  B (b)   −· · ·  C (c)  −· −·  D (d) −· ·  
E (e) ·  F (f)   · ·−·  G (g)  − −·  H (h) · ·· ·  
I (i) · ·  J (j) ·  −  −  − K (k)  − · − L (l) · − · ·  
M (m) −−  N (n)   −·  O (o)  − −− P (p) · −−·  
Q (q)  −−· −  R (r)  ·   −·    S (s)  ·· ·  T (t)
U (u) ··  − V (v) · · ·   − W (w)    · − −  X (x) − · ·− 
Y (y) −· − − Z (z)   −−· · 
1 · − −−− 2 ··  −−− 3 · ·· −− 4 ··· · −
5 · ·  · · ·  6   −· · · ·  7  − −· · ·  8  − −−· ·   
9  − −−−·  0  − −−−−
Period [.]  ·−  ·−  ·−  Comma [,]   − −  ··−  −  Question [?]  ·  · − −· ·  Exclamation [!]  ·−  ·−  − −   
Parenthesis Open [(]  −  ·−  −  · Parenthesis Close [)]   −·−  −   ·−  Colon [:]  − − −· · ·  Semi Colon [;] −  · −  ·−  ·
Start   −·  −·  − End of Work    · · ·   −·  − New Page   ·  −·  −·   Wait ·  −· ·   ·  
Understood  · · ·   −· Error · ·  · · · · ·  ·