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Prolonged loss of communication
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|Category:||Air Ground Communication|
Prolonged Loss of Communication (PLOC)
Loss of communications between aircraft and ATC may occur for a variety of reasons, some technical and others resulting from the man-machine interface. Losses of communications can vary considerably in length; it is, however, those with an impact on day-to-day ATC functions which have drawn attention to the problems and led to studies for their resolution.
The term "PLOC", standing for "prolonged loss of communications", has come into use in civil aviation to describe this phenomenon, while the term "COMLOSS", standing for "communications loss", is preferred by the military.
One early communications-loss problem was known as the "sleeping receiver". Radios fell silent and were reactivated only when the pilot pressed the "transmit" key. Initially, in 1998, these events were reported and investigated by only a small number of airlines, supported by the UK CAA. Investigation into the subject could not identify any common explanation or isolate any specific technical failure.
Since 11th September 2001, PLOC events have become much more sensitive: any aircraft silence lasting more than a few minutes is perceived as a security risk. A Safety Improvement Initiative was launched by the EUROCONTROL Safety Team, addressing safety issues such as call-sign confusion, blocked transmissions, radio interference, standard phraseology and PLOC from an operational perspective.
In 2002, EUROCONTROL's Communications Domain took over the investigative task from UK Safety Regulation Group. The UK database of incidents was transferred to EUROCONTROL and extended to enable the logging of any PLOC events reported by civil or military controllers and aircrews.
The purpose of the database is to quantify PLOC phenomena across Europe and scrutinise the reports in search of common elements in order to progressively identify new PLOC incident profiles.
- AGC Safety Letter December 2004;
- Investigation into Loss of Communication;
- AGC Safety Study – Causes and Recommendations;
- AGC Safety Study - An Analysis of Pilot-Controller Occurrences;
- See also the following video "Investigation into COMMLOSS": http://www.eurocontrol.int/communications/gallery/content/public/video/comm_loss/investigation_into_commloss.swf