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Difference between revisions of "Runway Excursion"

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<FONT SIZE=5>'''RE'''</FONT>
 
<FONT SIZE=5>'''RE'''</FONT>
===Description===
+
===Definition===
 +
When the wheels of an aircraft on the runway surface depart the end or the side of the runway surface.
  
A veer off or overrun off the runway surface. (ICAO)
+
"A veer off or overrun off the runway surface." (ICAO)
  
This SKYbrary category includes two types of occurrences, notably "Undershoot on Landing" and "Wrong Runway Use", which do not fit the ICAO ADREP definition for a runway excursion. However, their inclusion has been considered appropriate due to the commonality of a number of causal and contributory factors and/or mitigation approaches.
+
==Description==
  
===Occurrence Types included in the Runway Excursion Category===
+
Runway excursions can occur on takeoff or on landing. They consist of two types of events:
 +
*'''Veer-Off''': Excursion in which an aircraft departs the side of a runway
 +
*'''Overrun''': Excursion in which an aircraft departs the end of a runway
  
*'''Overrun on Take Off''': A departing aircraft fails to become airborne or successfully reject the take off before reaching the end of the runway.
+
===Occurrence Types===
*'''Overrun on Landing''': A landing aircraft is unable to stop before the end of the runway is reached.
 
*'''Directional Control''': An aircraft taking off, rejecting take off or landing departs the side of the runway.   
 
*'''Undershoot on Landing''': An aircraft attempting a landing touches down in the undershoot area of the designated landing runway within the aerodrome perimeter.
 
*'''Wrong Runway Use'''
 
  
Articles grouped under all of these sub-categories are listed below.
+
Articles with knowledge related to Runway Excursions are arranged within the following sub-categories - click on the icons to view the full list of articles. Because of their nature, some articles are listed in more than one sub-category...
 +
*[[File:Overrun_on_Take_Off.jpg|61px|link=:Category:Overrun_on_Take_Off|Overrun on Take Off]]
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:[[:Category:Overrun_on_Take_Off|'''Overrun on Take Off''']]
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:A departing aircraft fails to become airborne or successfully [[Rejected Take Off|reject the take off]] before reaching the end of the runway.
 +
 
 +
*[[File:Overrun_on_Landing.jpg|60px|link=:Category:Overrun_on_Landing|Overrun on Landing]]
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:[[:Category:Overrun_on_Landing|'''Overrun on Landing''']]
 +
:A landing aircraft is unable to stop before the end of the runway is reached. 
 +
 
 +
*[[File:Directional_Control.jpg|60px|link=:Category:Veer_Off|Veer Off]]
 +
:[[:Category:Veer_Off|'''Veer Off''']]
 +
:An aircraft departs the side of the runway after touchdown on landing or departs the side of the runway during the take off run.
  
 
===Research and Statistics===
 
===Research and Statistics===
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*[[Runway Excursion Statistics for Europe]]
 
*[[Runway Excursion Statistics for Europe]]
 
*[[Runway Excursions Research - ATSB]]
 
*[[Runway Excursions Research - ATSB]]
*[http://www.skybrary.aero/bookshelf/books/900.pdf Reducing the Risk of Runway Excurions - FSF]
+
*[http://www.skybrary.aero/bookshelf/books/900.pdf Reducing the Risk of Runway Excursions - FSF]
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*[http://www.skybrary.aero/bookshelf/books/3998.pdf IATA Runway Safety Accident Analysis Report 2010-2014] 1st Edition, 2015
  
 
===Checklists & Toolkits===
 
===Checklists & Toolkits===
  
*[http://www.skybrary.aero/bookshelf/books/899.pdf Runway Excursion Risk Assessment Tool]
+
[[File:IATA_RRER_Toolkit.jpg|150px|IATA/ICAO Runway Excursion Risk Reduction Toolkit|link=http://www.iata.org/iata/RERR-toolkit/main.html]]
 +
*[http://www.iata.org/iata/RERR-toolkit/main.html IATA/ICAO Runway Excursion Risk Reduction Toolkit; Edition 2]
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*[http://www.skybrary.aero/bookshelf/books/899.pdf Runway Excursion Risk Awareness Tool]
 +
*[http://www.skybrary.aero/bookshelf/books/3170.pdf ICAO Runway Excursion Risk Reduction Toolkit - Aerodrome Best Practice (2nd edition)]
  
 
===Accident and Serious Incident Reports===
 
===Accident and Serious Incident Reports===
  
 
*[[Accident and Serious Incident Reports: RE]] contains a selection of reports on RE events.
 
*[[Accident and Serious Incident Reports: RE]] contains a selection of reports on RE events.
 +
 +
===European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Excursions===
 +
 +
*[[European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Excursions (EAPPRE)]] Edition 1.0, published in January 2013, provides recommendations and guidelines for ANSPs, aerodrome operators, [[Local Runway Safety Teams (LRST)|Local Runway Safety Teams]], aircraft operators and manufacturers, AIS providers, Regulators and EASA.
  
 
For a fuller overview of this issue, see the article: [[Runway Excursion]].
 
For a fuller overview of this issue, see the article: [[Runway Excursion]].
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| style="width:10%; vertical-align:top" |
 
| style="width:10%; vertical-align:top" |
 
[[Image:Runway_Excursion.gif|150px|right]]
 
[[Image:Runway_Excursion.gif|150px|right]]
|}
 
{|style="width:100%; border:1px solid #aaa; margin-top:0.5em; align:center; vertical-align:top" |
 
|-
 
|
 
{|style= "width:100%" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="2" vertical-align="top"
 
|-
 
|width=20% align=center|[[File:Overrun_on_Take_Off.jpg|61px|link=:Category:Overrun_on_Take_Off|Overrun on Take Off]]
 
|width=20% align=center|[[File:Overrun_on_Landing.jpg|60px|link=:Category:Overrun_on_Landing|Overrun on Landing]]
 
|width=20% align=center|[[File:Directional_Control.jpg|60px|link=:Category:Directional_Control|Directional Control]]
 
|width=20% align=center|[[File:Undershoot_on_Landing.jpg|60px|link=:Category:Undershoot_on_Landing|Undershoot on Landing]]
 
|width=20% align=center|[[File:Wrong_Runway_Use.jpg|60px|link=:Category:Wrong_Runway_Use|Wrong Runway Use]]
 
|-
 
|align=center style="vertical-align:top"|[[:Category:Overrun_on_Take_Off|'''Overrun on Take Off''']]
 
|align=center style="vertical-align:top"|[[:Category:Overrun_on_Landing|'''Overrun on Landing''']]
 
|align=center style="vertical-align:top"|[[:Category:Directional_Control|'''Directional Control''']]
 
|align=center style="vertical-align:top"|[[:Category:Undershoot_on_Landing|'''Undershoot on Landing''']]
 
|align=center style="vertical-align:top"|[[:Category:Wrong_Runway_Use|'''Wrong Runway Use''']]
 
|-
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|<ncl>Category:Overrun_on_Take_Off</ncl>
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|<ncl>Category:Overrun_on_Landing</ncl>
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|<ncl>Category:Directional_Control</ncl>
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|<ncl>Category:Undershoot_on_Landing</ncl>
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|<ncl>Category:Wrong_Runway_Use</ncl>
 
|}
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
[[Category:Operational_Issues]]
 
[[Category:Operational_Issues]]

Latest revision as of 15:06, 6 July 2017

RE

Definition

When the wheels of an aircraft on the runway surface depart the end or the side of the runway surface.

"A veer off or overrun off the runway surface." (ICAO)

Description

Runway excursions can occur on takeoff or on landing. They consist of two types of events:

  • Veer-Off: Excursion in which an aircraft departs the side of a runway
  • Overrun: Excursion in which an aircraft departs the end of a runway

Occurrence Types

Articles with knowledge related to Runway Excursions are arranged within the following sub-categories - click on the icons to view the full list of articles. Because of their nature, some articles are listed in more than one sub-category...

  • Overrun on Take Off
Overrun on Take Off
A departing aircraft fails to become airborne or successfully reject the take off before reaching the end of the runway.
  • Overrun on Landing
Overrun on Landing
A landing aircraft is unable to stop before the end of the runway is reached.
  • Veer Off
Veer Off
An aircraft departs the side of the runway after touchdown on landing or departs the side of the runway during the take off run.

Research and Statistics

Checklists & Toolkits

IATA/ICAO Runway Excursion Risk Reduction Toolkit

Accident and Serious Incident Reports

European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Excursions

For a fuller overview of this issue, see the article: Runway Excursion.

Runway Excursion.gif