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IL76 /
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Name Il-76
Manufacturer ILYUSHIN
Body Narrow
Wing Fixed Wing
Position High wing
Tail T-tail
WTC Heavy
Type code L4J
Engine Jet
Engine count Multi
Position Underwing mounted
Landing gear Tricycle retractable
Mass group 4

Manufacturered as:

ILYUSHIN Il-76 Gajaraj




A military transport developed in many versions and subsequently re-engined and produced as a long range civil freighter, the IL-76TD-90. In service since 1975.

Technical Data

Wing span 50.5 m165.682 ft <br />
Length 46.6 m152.887 ft <br />
Height 14.8 m48.556 ft <br />
Powerplant 76: 4 x 117 kN Soloviev D-30KP turbofans.

76M and 76TD-90VD: 4 x 157 kN Aviadvigatel PS-90AN turbofans:

Engine model Aviadvigatel PS90, Soloviev D-30

Performance Data

Take-Off Initial Climb
(to 5000 ft)
Initial Climb
(to FL150)
Initial Climb
(to FL240)
MACH Climb Cruise Initial Descent
(to FL240)
(to FL100)
Descent (FL100
& below)
V2 (IAS) kts IAS 114 kts IAS kts IAS kts MACH TAS 432 kts MACH IAS kts IAS 130 kts Vapp (IAS) 130 kts
Distance 850 m ROC ft/min ROC ft/min ROC ft/min ROC ft/min MACH 0.78 ROD ft/min ROD ft/min MCS kts Distance 450 m
MTOW 170000170,000 kg <br />170 tonnes <br /> kg Ceiling FL500 ROD ft/min APC B
WTC H Range 36173,617 nm <br />6,698,684 m <br />6,698.684 km <br />21,977,309.727 ft <br /> NM

Accidents & Serious Incidents involving IL76

  • IL76, St John's Newfoundland Canada, 2012 (On 13 August 2012, an Ilyushin IL76 freighter overran landing runway 11 at St John's at 40 knots. The Investigation established that although a stabilised approach had been flown, the aircraft had been allowed to float in the presence of a significant tail wind component and had not finally touched down until half way along the 2590 metre long runway. It was also found that reverse thrust had then not been fully utilised and that cross connection of the brake lines had meant that the anti skid pressure release system worked in reverse sense, thus reducing braking effectiveness.)
  • IL76, Yerevan Armenia, 2019 (On 16 May 2019, an Ilyushin Il-76 overran the end of the landing runway at Yerevan after completing an ILS approach because the crew hadn’t realised until it was too late to stop that the available landing distance was reduced at the far end of the runway. The Investigation noted that it would have been possible to stop the aircraft in the distance available and attributed the lack of flight crew awareness to a combination of their own lack of professionalism and that exhibited by the Dispatcher and to the inadequacy and lack of clarity in the NOTAM communications advising the change.)
  • IL76, vicinity Karachi Pakistan, 2010 (On 27 November 2010, collateral damage to the wing of an IL-76 in the vicinity of an uncontained engine failure, which occurred soon after take-off from Karachi, led to fuel in that wing igniting. Descent from a maximum height of 600 feet occurred accompanied by a steadily increasing right bank. Just under a minute after take-off ground impact occurred and impact forces and fire destroyed the aircraft. The Investigation concluded that the engine failure was attributable to component fatigue in the LP compressor and that it would have been impossible for the crew to retain control.)