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BOMBARDIER Challenger 600

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Name Challenger 600
Manufacturer BOMBARDIER
Body Narrow
Wing Fixed Wing
Position Low wing (winglets)
Tail T-tail
WTC Medium
Type code L2J
Aerodrome Reference Code 3A
Engine Jet
Engine count Multi
Position Both sides of rear fuselage
Landing gear Tricycle retractable
Mass group 3

Manufacturered as:

CANADAIR Challenger 605
CANADAIR Challenger 604
CANADAIR Challenger 601
CANADAIR Challenger 600
CANADAIR CE-144A Challenger 600
CANADAIR CC-144B Challenger 601
CANADAIR CC-144 Challenger 600
CANADAIR C-143 Challenger 604
CANADAIR CL-600 Challenger 604
CANADAIR CL-600 Challenger 601
CANADAIR CL-600 Challenger 600
CANADAIR CL-600 Challenger 605
CANADAIR Challenger 650

BOMBARDIER Challenger 600

BOMBARDIER Challenger 600 BOMBARDIER Challenger 600 3D


The Bombardier Challenger 600 series (600/601/604/605) is a family of business jets designed by Bill Lear and produced first by Canadair until that company was bought by Bombardier Aerospace in 1986. The Challenger was one of the first business jets designed with a supercritical wing.

Technical Data

Wing span 19.6 m64.304 ft <br />
Length 20.85 m68.406 ft <br />
Height 6.3 m20.669 ft <br />
Powerplant 2 x General Electric CF34-3A
Engine model General Electric CF34

Performance Data

Take-Off Initial Climb
(to 5000 ft)
Initial Climb
(to FL150)
Initial Climb
(to FL240)
MACH Climb Cruise Initial Descent
(to FL240)
(to FL100)
Descent (FL100
& below)
V2 (IAS) kts IAS kts IAS kts IAS kts MACH TAS 432 kts MACH IAS kts IAS kts Vapp (IAS) kts
Distance 1730 m ROC ft/min ROC ft/min ROC ft/min ROC ft/min MACH 0.75 ROD ft/min ROD ft/min MCS kts Distance 1000 m
MTOW 1950019,500 kg <br />19.5 tonnes <br /> kg Ceiling FL450 ROD ft/min APC C
WTC M Range 34003,400 nm <br />6,296,800 m <br />6,296.8 km <br />20,658,792.666 ft <br /> NM

Accidents & Serious Incidents involving CL60

  • CL60 / A388, en-route, Arabian Sea, 2017 (On 7 January 2017, the crew of a Bombardier Challenger en route at FL340 over international waters between India and the Arabian Peninsula temporarily lost control of their aircraft approximately one minute after an Airbus A380 had passed 1,000 feet above them tracking in the opposite direction. The Investigation is ongoing but has noted that both aircraft were in compliance with their air traffic clearances, that a major height loss occurred during loss of control with some occupants sustaining serious injuries and that after successfully diverting, the structure of the aircraft was found to have been damaged beyond economic repair.)
  • CL60, Almaty Kazakstan, 2007 (On 26 December 2007, the crew of a Bombardier Challenger 604 which had received a 2-stage ground de/anti icing treatment lost roll control as the aircraft got airborne from a snow-covered runway at Almaty in freezing mist and light snow conditions and it crashed within the airport perimeter before continuing through the perimeter fence and catching fire. The Investigation concluded that the loss of control was probably caused by contamination of the wing leading edge with frozen deposits during the take off roll as a result of the crew's decision not to select wing anti-ice on contrary to applicable procedures.)
  • CL60, Birmingham UK, 2002 (On 4 January 2002, a Bombardier Challenger 604 became very quickly uncontrollable as the crew attempted to rotate for lift off at Birmingham and within a few seconds it had crashed inverted near the airport passenger terminal killing all on board. A rigorous Investigation found that an uncontrollable roll had occurred after an aerodynamic stall attributable to frost on the wings which had been noticed but apparently not considered indicative of a need for de-icing. The exclusively FAA promoted notion of ‘polished frost’ may have played a part in the pilots’ decision making and was considered to be dangerously misleading.)
  • CL60, Montrose USA, 2004 (On 28 November 2004, the crew of a Bombardier Challenger 601 lost control of their aircraft soon after getting airborne from Montrose and it crashed and caught fire killing three occupants and seriously injuring the other three. The Investigation found that the loss of control had been the result of a stall caused by frozen deposits on the upper wing surfaces after the crew had failed to ensure that the wings were clean or utilise the available ground de/anti ice service. It was concluded that the pilots' lack of experience of winter weather operations had contributed to their actions/inactions.)
  • CL60, Teterboro USA, 2005 (On 2 February 2005, a Challenger, belonging to Platinum Jet Management, crashed after taking off from Teterboro, New Jersey, USA. The aircraft's center of gravity was well forward of the forward takeoff limit.)
  • CL60, en-route, southwest of Shahr-e-Kord Iran, 2018 (On 11 March 2018 an Unreliable Speed Alert occurred on a Bombardier Challenger, the Captain’s airspeed increasing whilst the First Officer’s decreased. The First Officer attempted to commence the corresponding drill but the Captain’s interruptions prevented this and a (false) overspeed warning followed. The Captain’s response to both alerts was to reduce thrust which led to a Stall Warning followed, after no response, by stick pusher activation which was repeatedly opposed by the Captain despite calls to stop from the First Officer. The stalled condition continued for almost five minutes until a 30,000 feet descent was terminated by terrain impact.)