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|Category:||Air Ground Communication|
Two-way communication between aircraft and stations or locations on the surface of the earth.
Source: ICAO Annex X - Aeronautical Communications
Voice/audio communications between an aircraft and the ground are traditionally accomplished using radio telephony, broadcasting and receiving on:
Alternatively voice communications can be conducted using SATCOM, including VOIP through the Internet.
For further information, see the separate article "Air-Ground Voice Communications"
Data can be passed between an aircraft and a ground station using:
- Aircraft Communications, Addressing and Reporting System
- Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B)
- Mode S
Communications can be accomplished visually using, for example, and Aldis Lamp to flash messages between aircraft and ground stations in Morse Code or through standard conventions associated with emergency situations.
- ALLCLEAR? Toolkit
- Bureau d’Enquêtes et d’Analyses (BEA) Incidents in Air Transport No 10 - Aerodrome Traffic
- ^ A signal lamp (also called an Aldis lamp, named for its inventor Arthur C. W. Aldis) is a visual signaling device for optical communication (typically using Morse code) - essentially a focused lamp which can produce a pulse of light.