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Name Tu-154
Manufacturer TUPOLEV
Body Narrow
Wing Fixed Wing
Position Low wing (anhedral with cone)
Tail T-tail
WTC Medium
Type code L3J
Engine Jet
Engine count Multi
Position Both sides of rear fuselage and fin-integrated
Landing gear Tricycle retractable
Mass group 4

Manufacturered as:





Medium range airliner. In service since 1971. Developed to replace the turbojet powered TU-104 and the turboprop powered IL-18. Built in a few versions: TU-154A with more powerful engines, TU-154B with higher take-off weight and TU-154B freighter version. Current production TU-154M more economical with quieter engines. The Tu-154 is in 2000 still the most used airliner of CIS airline companies.

Technical Data

Wing span 37.5 m123.031 ft
Length 48 m157.48 ft
Height 11.4 m37.402 ft
Powerplant 154: 3 x Kuznetsov Nk-8-2 (93,9 kN) turbofans

154M: 3 x Soloviev D-30KU-154-II (104 kN) turbofans.

Engine model Kuznetsov NK-8, Soloviev D-30

Performance Data

Take-Off Initial Climb
(to 5000 ft)
Initial Climb
(to FL150)
Initial Climb
(to FL240)
MACH Climb Cruise Initial Descent
(to FL240)
(to FL100)
Descent (FL100
& below)
V2 (IAS) 150 kts IAS 180 kts IAS 290 kts IAS 290 kts MACH 0.72 TAS 475 kts MACH 0.72 IAS 290 kts IAS kts Vapp (IAS) 130 kts
Distance 2100 m ROC 3000 ft/min ROC 2000 ft/min ROC 2000 ft/min ROC 1500 ft/min MACH 0.82 ROD 800 ft/min ROD 3500 ft/min MCS 220 kts Distance 2100 m
MTOW 100000100,000 kg
100 tonnes
Ceiling FL410 ROD ft/min APC C
WTC M Range 17001,700 nm
3,148,400 m
3,148.4 km
10,329,396.333 ft

Accidents & Serious Incidents involving T154

  • T154 / B752, en-route, Uberlingen Germany, 2002 (On 1st July 2002, a Russian-operated Tu154 on a passenger flight collided at night with a cargo Boeing 757-200 over Überlingen, Germany with the consequent loss of control of both aircraft and the death of all occupants. The collision occurred after an ATC control lapse had led to a conflict which generated coordinated TCAS RAs which the B757 followed but the TU-154, in the presence of a conflicting ATC instruction, did not.)
  • T154, vicinity Smolensk Russian Federation, 2010 (On 10 April 2010, a Polish Air Force Tupolev Tu-154M on a pre-arranged VIP flight into Smolensk Severny failed to adhere to landing minima during a non precision approach with thick fog reported and after ignoring a TAWS ‘PULL UP’ Warning in IMC continued descent off track and into the ground. All of the Contributory Factors to the pilot error cause found by the Investigation related to the operation of the aircraft in a range of respects including a failure by the crew to obtain adequate weather information for the intended destination prior to and during the flight.)
  • T154, vicinity Svalbard Norway, 1996 (On 29 August 1996, a Tu-154, crashed after misflying an off-set LLZ non-precision approach to Svalbard Longyear airport, Norway, in IMC.)