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Regulation 2020/2148 amending Regulation 139/2014 as regards runway safety and aeronautical data
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COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2020/2148 of 8 October 2020 amending Regulation (EU) No 139/2014 as regards runway safety and aeronautical data - text published in the Official Journal of the European Union
To amend Regulation (EU) No 139/2014 to:
- implement the applicable ICAO SARPs on runway surface condition assessment and reporting;
- include provisions for handling aeronautical data;
- include provisions related to ground personnel and equipment, especially vehicle drivers;
- add definitions of relevant terms.
This Regulation amends Annexes I, III and IV to Regulation (EU) No 139/2014. The provisions are applicable to aerodrome operators. The most notable changes are listed below.
Annex I is amended by adding 23 new and replacing 2 existing definitions.
Annex III is amended by:
- Adding security management system requirements for aerodrome operators;
- Extending the description of the required training and competency maintenance provisions for personnel involved in the operation, maintenance and management of the aerodrome;
- Adding requirements for record keeping concerning driving authorisations, language proficiency certificates, vehicle authorisations and aerodrome operator’s vehicle maintenance records.
Annex IV is amended by:
- Updating the data quality requirements in terms of quality, accuracy, integrity, resolution, traceability, timeliness, completeness and format.
- Adding forms for a NOTAM and a SNOWTAM.
- Adding provisions for data handling, e.g.:
- The use of common reference system (WGS-84, MSL, Gregorian calendar and UTC);
- Data error detection and authentication procedures;
- The use of aeronautical data catalogue;
- Data validation and verification so that errors are avoided;
- Error handling requirements;
- Metadata content;
- Data transmission;
- The tools and software used for data handling;
- Adding provisions related to aerodrome surface condition, e.g.
- Origination of NOTAM by aerodrome operators - personnel requirements, information provided and creation and dissemination procedures;
- Reporting of surface contaminants (e.g. water, snow, ice, slush, etc.) and runway surface condition using a runway condition report.
- Assessment of runway surface condition and assignment of runway condition code;
- The establishment of an FOD control programme, including awareness, prevention, detection and removal of FOD.
- Operations in winter conditions and on specially prepared winter runways, including the development of snow plan and AIP publication of relevant information;
- Maintenance of visual aids and electrical systems;
- Adding provisions related to vehicles, vehicle drivers and other persons on the movement area, e.g.:
- Authorisation of vehicles and vehicle drivers. Vehicles must be serviceable and appropriately equipped (e.g. with radios, ligting, transponder, etc.) and drivers need to be adeuqately trained and competent and comply with the language proficiency requirements. Exceptions are possible if accompanied by an authorised vehicle and driver.
- Operation of vehicles and aircraft towing. Specific provisions are prescribed for radio communication, operations on the manoeuvring area and aprons as well as general safety procedures.
- Language proficiency requirements for vehicle drivers. They need to demonstrate proficiency, at least at an operational level both in the use of phraseologies and in plain language. This requirement applies to English and any other language used for radio communication. The assessment and certification procedures are similar to those applicable to pilots and air traffic controllers but some parameters differ (e.g. expert level does not need to be revalidated and operation level is valid for 4 years). Also, a state may choose not to implement these requirements after a safety assessment is performed.
- Communications: controllers and vehicle drivers must use standard phraseology. The aerodrome operator must establish appropriate procedures for use of freuqencies and languages, communication with pedestrians, dissemination of important information and signals to be used in case of communication failure.
- The use of surface movement guidance and control system, e.g. establishment of standard taxi routes for aircraft and transponder operation procedures.
- Control of pedestrians. Unescorted access is only allowed if the persons have received appropriate training, have demonstrated competence and are appropriately equipped.
- Marking and lighting of vehicles and other mobile objects (excluding aircraft): these are to be conspicuous and different colours used to show the purpose (e.g. flashing blue for security or emergency vehicles, flashing yellow for other vehicles and red for objects with limited mobility).
- Maintenance of vehicles.
Entry into Force
The Regulation entered into force in January 2021.
Certain provisions (reporting of surface contaminants and runway surface condition, operations in winter conditions or on winter runways and SNOWTAM requirements) apply from 12 August 2021.
Certain provisions (regarding aeronautical data and its management) apply from 27 January 2022.