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MCDONNELL DOUGLAS MD-82

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MD82
Aircraft
Name MD-82
Manufacturer MCDONNELL DOUGLAS
Body Narrow
Wing Fixed Wing
Position Low wing
Tail T-tail
WTC Medium
APC C
Type code L2J
RFF Category 7
Engine Jet
Engine count Multi
Position Both sides of rear fuselage
Landing gear Tricycle retractable
Mass group 4


Manufacturered as:

BOEING MD-82
MCDONNELL DOUGLAS MD-82
SHANGHAI MD-82


MCDONNELL DOUGLAS MD-82

MCDONNELL DOUGLAS MD-82 MCDONNELL DOUGLAS MD-82 3D

Description

Short to medium range airliner. In service since 1980. MD-80 series: 81, 82 and 88 are very similar in terms of performance. ICAO designators: MCDONNELL DOUGLAS MD-81, MD82 and MCDONNELL DOUGLAS MD-88. Produced until December 1999.

Technical Data

Wing span 32.78 m107.546 ft
Length 45.06 m147.835 ft
Height 9.02 m29.593 ft
Powerplant 2 x Pratt & Whitney JT8D-217A/C (88,96 kN).
Engine model Pratt & Whitney JT8D

Performance Data

Take-Off Initial Climb
(to 5000 ft)
Initial Climb
(to FL150)
Initial Climb
(to FL240)
MACH Climb Cruise Initial Descent
(to FL240)
Descent
(to FL100)
Descent (FL100
& below)
Approach
V2 (IAS) 140 kts IAS 170 kts IAS 290 kts IAS 290 kts MACH 0.75 TAS 440 kts MACH 0.75 IAS 290 kts IAS kts Vapp (IAS) 130 kts
Distance 2052 m ROC 2500 ft/min ROC 2800 ft/min ROC 2000 ft/min ROC 1000 ft/min MACH 0.76 ROD 1500 ft/min ROD 1500 ft/min MCS 210 kts Distance 1585 m
MTOW 6781267,812 kg
67.812 tonnes
kg
Ceiling FL370 ROD ft/min APC C
WTC M Range 20522,052 nm
3,800,304 m
3,800.304 km
12,468,188.985 ft
NM

Accidents & Serious Incidents involving MD82

  • MD82 / A319, vicinity Helsinki Finland, 2007 (On 5 September 2007 in day VMC, an MD82 being operated by SAS was obliged to carry out an own-initiative avoiding action orbit in day VMC against an Airbus A319 being operated by Finnair on a scheduled passenger after conflict when about to join final approach. Both aircraft were following ATC instructions which, in the case of the MD 82, had not included maintaining own separation so that the applicable separation minima were significantly breached.)
  • MD82 / C441, Lambert-St Louis MI USA, 1994 (On 22 November 1994 a McDonnell Douglas MD 82 flight crew taking off from Lambert- St. Louis at night in excellent visibility suddenly became aware of a stationary Cessna 441 on the runway ahead and was unable to avoid a high speed collision. The collision destroyed the Cessna but allowed the MD82 to be brought to a controlled stop without occupant injury. The Investigation found that the Cessna 441 pilot had mistakenly believed his departure would be from the runway he had recently landed on and had entered that runway without clearance whilst still on GND frequency.)
  • MD82 / MD11, Anchorage AK USA, 2002 (On 17 March 2002, at Ted Stevens Anchorage Airport, a McDonnell Douglas MD82 operated by Alaska Airlines, on a night pushback in snow conditions collided with an inbound taxiing McDonnell Douglas MD-11. The MD82 suffered substantial rudder damage although the impacting MD11 winglet was undamaged.)
  • MD82, Copenhagen Denmark, 2013 (On 30 January 2013, the crew of a Boeing MD82 successfully rejected its take off at Copenhagen after sudden explosive failure of the left hand JT8D engine occurred during the final stage of setting take off thrust. Full directional control of the aircraft was retained and the failure was contained, but considerable engine debris was deposited on the runway. The subsequent Investigation concluded that a massive failure within the low pressure turbine had been initiated by the fatigue failure of one blade, the reason for which could not be established.)
  • MD82, Detroit MI USA, 1987 (On 16 August 1987, an MD-82 being operated by Northwest Airlines on a scheduled passenger flight from Detroit MI to Phoenix AZ failed to get properly airborne in day VMC and, after damaging impact with obstacles within the airport perimeter after climbing to a maximum height of just under 40 ft, impacted the ground causing the destruction of the aircraft by impact forces and a subsequent fire. All but one of the 157 occupants were killed with the single survivor suffering serious injury. On the ground, 2 people were killed, 2 more seriously injured and 4 more suffered minor injury with several buildings vehicles and structures damaged or destroyed.)
  • MD82, Little Rock USA, 1999 (On 1 June 1999, an MD82 belonging to American Airlines, overran the end of the runway during landing. The captain and 10 passengers were killed.)
  • MD82, Madrid Barajas Spain, 2008 (On 20 August 2008, an MD82 aircraft operated by Spanair took off from Madrid Barajas Airport with flaps and slats retracted; the incorrect configuration resulted in loss of control, collision with the ground, and the destruction of the aircraft.)
  • MD82, Phuket Thailand, 2007 (On 16 September 2007, an MD-82 being operated by One Two Go Airlines attempted a missed approach from close to the runway at Phuket but after the flight crew failed to ensure that the necessary engine thrust was applied, the aircraft failed to establish a climb and after control was lost, the aircraft impacted the ground within the airport perimeter and was destroyed by the impact and a subsequent fire. Ninety of the 130 occupants were killed, 26 suffered serious injuries and 14 suffered minor injuries.)
  • MD82, en route, west of Wichita KA USA, 2002 (On 4 June 2002, the crew of an MD82 in the cruise at FL330 with AP and A/T engaged failed to notice progressive loss of airspeed and concurrent increase in pitch attitude as both engines rolled back to thrust levels which could not sustain level flight. The aircraft stalled and a recovery was accomplished with significant altitude necessary before engine thrust was restored and a diversion made. The Investigation attributed the engine rollback to ice crystal icing obstructing the engine inlet pressure sensors following crew failure to use the engine anti-icing as prescribed. Two Safety Recommendations were made.)
  • MD82, en-route, near Machiques Venezuela, 2005 (On 16 August 2005, the flight crew of a West Caribbean MD82 on a passenger flight from Tocumen Airport in Panama to Martinique attempted to cruise at a level which was incompatible with aircraft performance. They then failed to recognise the results of this action and when the lack of sufficient engine thrust led to an aerodynamic stall and confusion precluded a recovery before the aircraft impacted terrain at high speed out of control killing all 152 occupants.)
  • MD82, vicinity Lambert St Louis MO USA, 2007 (On September 28, 2007 the left engine of a McDonnell Douglas MD82 caught fire during the departure climb from Lambert St. Louis and an air turn back was initiated. When the landing gear failed to fully extend, a go around was made to allow time for an emergency gear extension to be accomplished after which a successful landing and emergency evacuation from the fire-damaged aircraft followed. The Investigation concluded that the engine fire was directly consequential on an unapproved maintenance practice and that the fire was prolonged by flight crew interruption of an emergency checklist to perform "non-essential tasks".)