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DASSAULT Falcon 20

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FA20
Aircraft
Name Falcon 20
Manufacturer DASSAULT
Body Narrow
Wing Fixed Wing
Position Low wing
Tail Cruciform tail
WTC Medium
APC B
Type code L2J
Engine Jet
Engine count Multi
Position Both sides of rear fuselage
Landing gear Tricycle retractable
Mass group 3


Manufacturered as:

DASSAULT HU-25 Guardian
DASSAULT Mystere 200
DASSAULT Mystere 20
DASSAULT Guardian
DASSAULT Gardian
DASSAULT Falcon 200
DASSAULT Falcon 20


DASSAULT Falcon 20

DASSAULT Falcon 20 DASSAULT Falcon 20 3D

Description

Medium range corporate jet. In service since 1965 (200 since 1981). Initial model of Falcon/Mystère family. Replaced by Falcon/Mystère 200, improved development with more powerful engines,improved range and improved fuel consumption. In production until 1988. Production of Falcon/Mystère 20 ceased in 1983. Used in some military versions as VIP transport, ECM trainer and maritime patrol (U.S. Coast Guard type HU-25 Guardian). Falcon/Mystère 200: MTOW 14,500kg31,967.028 lbs
14.5 tonnes
.

Technical Data

Wing span 16.30 m53.478 ft
Length 17.15 m56.266 ft
Height 5.32 m17.454 ft
Powerplant 20: 2 x 19.6 kN GE CF700-2D-2 turbofans.

200: 2 x 23,13 kN Garrett ATF3-6A-4C turbofans.

Engine model Garrett ATF3, General Electric CF700

Performance Data

Take-Off Initial Climb
(to 5000 ft)
Initial Climb
(to FL150)
Initial Climb
(to FL240)
MACH Climb Cruise Initial Descent
(to FL240)
Descent
(to FL100)
Descent (FL100
& below)
Approach
V2 (IAS) 120 kts IAS 150 kts IAS 270 kts IAS 270 kts MACH 0.70 TAS 420 kts MACH 0.7 IAS 250 kts IAS 220 kts Vapp (IAS) 110 kts
Distance 1600 m ROC 3000 ft/min ROC 2000 ft/min ROC 1500 ft/min ROC 1500 ft/min MACH 0.76 ROD 1000 ft/min ROD 3000 ft/min MCS 160 kts Distance 1100 m
MTOW 1316013,160 kg
13.16 tonnes
kg
Ceiling FL420 ROD 1500 ft/min APC B
WTC M Range 23002,300 nm
4,259,600 m
4,259.6 km
13,975,065.627 ft
NM

Accidents & Serious Incidents involving FA20

  • FA20, Durham Tees Valley UK, 2012 (On 9 August 2012, a serviceable Cobham Leasing Fan Jet Falcon overran the 2291 metre long runway at Durham Tees Valley after beginning rejecting take off from above V1 because of a suspected bird strike. The crew believed there was a possibility of airframe damage from a single medium sized bird sighted ahead which might have been hit by the main landing gear. It was found that the overrun distance had been increased by low friction on the stopway and noted that the regulatory exemption issued for operation without FDR and CVR was no longer appropriate.)
  • FA20, vicinity Kish Island Iran, 2014 (On 3 March 2014, a Dassault Falcon 20 engaged in navigation aid calibration for the Regulator was flown into the sea near Kish Island in dark night conditions. The Investigation concluded that the available evidence indicated that the aircraft had been inadvertently flown into the sea as the consequence of the crew experiencing somatogravic illusion. It was also noted that the absence of a functioning radio altimeter and pilot fatigue attributable to the long duty period was likely to have exacerbated the pilots' vulnerability to this illusion.)
  • FA20, vicinity Narsarsuaq Greenland, 2001 (On 5 August 2001, a Dassault Falcon 20 with an inoperative GPWS making a night approach to Narsarsuaq by visual reference impacted terrain 4.5 nm from the aerodrome. The Investigation noted the original crew intention to fly a non-precision instrument approach and attributed the accident to the failure of the crew to follow applicable procedures or engage in meaningful CRM as well as to deficiencies in the Operator's required procedures which had combined to leave the crew vulnerable to a 'black hole' effect. The effects of fatigue were considered likely to have been contributory.)