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F27, vicinity Sharjah UAE, 2004

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Summary
On 10 February 2004, a Fokker F27 operated by Kish Airlines, crashed on approach to Sharjah, UAE, as a result of loss of control caused by selection of both propellers to the ground range in flight.
Event Details
When February 2004
Actual or Potential
Event Type
Airworthiness, Fire Smoke and Fumes, Human Factors, Loss of Control
Day/Night Day
Flight Conditions VMC
Flight Details
Aircraft FOKKER F-27 Friendship
Operator Kish Airlines
Domicile Iran
Type of Flight Public Transport (Passenger)
Origin Kish International
Intended Destination Sharjah International Airport
Take off Commenced Yes
Flight Airborne Yes
Flight Completed No
Flight Phase Descent
ENR / APR
Location - Airport
Airport vicinity Sharjah International Airport
General
Tag(s) Non Precision Approach
FIRE
Tag(s) Post Crash Fire
HF
Tag(s) Inappropriate crew response - skills deficiency,
Manual Handling,
Procedural non compliance,
Violation,
Ineffective Monitoring - SIC as PF
LOC
Tag(s) Loss of Engine Power,
Flight Management Error,
Flight Control Error"Flight Control Error" is not in the list (Airframe Structural Failure, Significant Systems or Systems Control Failure, Degraded flight instrument display, Uncommanded AP disconnect, AP Status Awareness, Non-normal FBW flight control status, Loss of Engine Power, Flight Management Error, Environmental Factors, Bird or Animal Strike, ...) of allowed values for the "LOC" property.,
Extreme Bank,
Extreme Pitch
AW
System(s)
Outcome
Damage or injury Yes
Aircraft damage Hull loss
Injuries Few occupants
Fatalities Most or all occupants ()
Causal Factor Group(s)
Group(s) Aircraft Operation
Safety Recommendation(s)
Group(s) Aircraft Operation,
Aircraft Airworthiness
Investigation Type
Type Independent

Description

On 10 February 2004, a Fokker F27 operated by Kish Airlines, crashed on approach to Sharjah, UAE, as a result of loss of control caused by selection of both propellers to the ground range in flight.

Synopsis

This is an extract from the Aircraft Accident Report published by the UAE General Civil Aviation Authority:

"The aircraft involved was a Fokker F27 Mk.050, owned by the Kish Airlines, based at Ekbatan in the Islamic Republic of Iran… On this particular flight, IRK 7170, EP-LCA, was operating a scheduled passenger flight from Kish Island to Sharjah, UAE, and was approaching to land on runway 12 at Sharjah International Airport in good daylight visibility. The aircraft was observed to pitch down and suddenly turn to the left. The aircraft continued to descend and turn at high pitch and roll angles and impacted a sandy area within a residential area 2.6 nm from the runway threshold. Immediately a large explosion was seen. The aircraft was destroyed and there were 43 fatalities.

Cause

The report gives the cause of the accident as:

"The power levers were moved by a pilot from the flight idle position into the ground control range, which led to an irreversible loss of flight control."

and gives the following Contributory Causes:

  • "By suddenly insisting the First Officer fly the final approach, the pilot in command created an environment, which led to a breakdown of crew resource management processes, the non observance of the operator’s standard operating procedures and a resultant excessive high approach speed.
  • An attempt to rectify this excessive high approach speed most likely resulted in the non compliance with the Standard Operating Procedures and the movement of the power levers below flight idle."

Related Articles

LOC

Further Reading

For further information see the full UAE GCAA Accident Report.