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F27, vicinity Guernsey Channel Islands, 1999

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Summary
On 12 January 1999, control of a Fokker F27-600 was lost on approach to Guernsey Airport, Channel Islands, as a consequence of the aircraft being operated outside the load and balance limitations.
Event Details
When January 1999
Actual or Potential
Event Type
Fire Smoke and Fumes, Ground Operations, Human Factors, Loss of Control
Day/Night Day
Flight Conditions On Ground - Normal Visibility
Flight Details
Aircraft FOKKER F-27 Friendship
Operator Channel Express
Domicile United Kingdom
Type of Flight Public Transport (Cargo)
Origin London Luton Airport
Intended Destination Guernsey Airport
Take off Commenced Yes
Flight Airborne Yes
Flight Completed No
Flight Phase Descent
ENR / APR
Location - Airport
Airport vicinity Guernsey Airport
General
Tag(s) Inadequate Aircraft Operator Procedures
FIRE
Tag(s) Post Crash Fire
HF
Tag(s) Flight Crew / Ground Crew Co-operation,
Data use error,
Inappropriate crew response - skills deficiency
GND
Tag(s) Cargo Loading"Cargo Loading" is not in the list (Taxiway collision, On gate collision, Aircraft / Aircraft conflict, Aircraft / Person conflict, Aircraft / Vehicle conflict, Aircraft / Object or Structure conflict, ATC clearance error, Ground de/anti icing ineffective, Ground de/anti icing not available, Failure to De/anti Ice, ...) of allowed values for the "GND" property.
LOC
Tag(s) Aircraft Loading,
Extreme Pitch
Outcome
Damage or injury Yes
Aircraft damage Hull loss
Non-aircraft damage Yes
Injuries None"None" is not in the list (Few occupants, Many occupants, Most or all occupants) of allowed values for the "Injuries" property.
Fatalities Most or all occupants ()
Causal Factor Group(s)
Group(s) Aircraft Operation
Safety Recommendation(s)
Group(s) Aircraft Operation,
Aircraft Airworthiness,
Airport Management
Investigation Type
Type Independent

Description

On 12 January 1999, control of a Fokker F27-600 was lost on approach to Guernsey Airport, Channel Islands, as a consequence of the aircraft being operated outside the load and balance limitations.

Synopsis

This is an extract from the Accident Report published by the Aircraft Accident Investigation Branch (UK) (AAIB), UK:

"The accident occurred when control of the cargo aircraft, carrying three tonnes of newspapers, was lost during the final stages of an approach to Guernsey Airport. Moments after the wing flaps were lowered to their fully down position, the nose of the aircraft rose and the crew were unable to prevent it rising further. The nose continued to rise until the aircraft's pitch attitude was near vertical. Although the crew applied nose down pitch trim and high engine power, the aircraft lost flying speed, stalled and entered an incipient spin. It descended in a shallow nose down pitch attitude with little forward speed and crashed…"

The listed the causal factors as:

  1. "The aircraft operated outside the load and balance limitations.
  2. Loading distribution errors went undetected because the load sheet signatories did not reconcile the cargo distribution in the aircraft with the load and balance sheet.
  3. The crew received insufficient formal training in load management."

Related Articles

LOC

GND

Further Reading

For further information see the full Accident Report: Aircraft Accident Report 2/2000 published by the AAIB (UK).