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DC93, en-route, Cincinnati OH USA, 1983

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Summary
On 2 June 1983, a DC9 aircraft operated by Air Canada was destroyed following an in-flight fire which began in one of the aircraft’s toilets. 23 passengers died in the accident.
Event Details
When June 1983
Actual or Potential
Event Type
Fire Smoke and Fumes
Day/Night Day
Flight Conditions On Ground - Normal Visibility
Flight Details
Aircraft DOUGLAS DC-9-30
Operator Air Canada
Domicile Canada
Type of Flight Public Transport (Passenger)
Origin Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport
Intended Destination Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport
Actual Destination Cincinnati North Kentucky
Take off Commenced Yes
Flight Airborne Yes
Flight Completed No
Flight Phase Cruise
ENR
Location En-Route
Origin Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport
Destination Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport
Location
Approx. near Cincinnati, OH
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General
Tag(s) Inadequate Airworthiness Procedures
FIRE
Tag(s) Fire-Electrical origin
HF
Tag(s) Flight / Cabin Crew Co-operation,
Procedural non compliance
EPR
Tag(s) Emergency Descent,
Emergency Evacuation,
MAYDAY declaration,
RFFS Procedures
CS
Tag(s) Toilet compartment fire
Cabin air contamination
Hand held extinguisher used
Outcome
Damage or injury Yes
Aircraft damage Hull loss
Injuries Many occupants
Fatalities Many occupants ()
Causal Factor Group(s)
Group(s) Aircraft Operation,
Aircraft Technical
Safety Recommendation(s)
Group(s) Aircraft Operation,
Aircraft Airworthiness
Investigation Type
Type Independent

In-Flight Fire Accident

Description

On 2 June 1983, a DC9-30 aircraft operated by Air Canada was destroyed following an in-flight fire which began in one of the aircraft’s toilets. 23 passengers died in the accident.

In-Flight Fire

Fire in the air is one of the most hazardous situations that a flight crew can be faced with. Without aggressive intervention by the flight crew, a fire on board an aircraft can lead to the catastrophic loss of that aircraft within a very short space of time. Once a fire has become established, it is unlikely that the crew will be able to extinguish it. For further information, see the main article Fire in the Air

Synopsis

This is the abstract from the official report into the accident published by the National Transportation Safety Board(NTSB) (USA):

“On June 2, 1983, Air Canada Flight 797, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, of Canadian Registry C-FTLU, was a regularly scheduled international passenger flight from Dallas, Texas, to Montreal, Quebec, Canada, with an en route stop at Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The flight left Dallas with 5 crewmembers and 41 passengers on board. About 1903, eastern daylight time, while en route at flight level 330 (about 33,000 feet m.s.l.1, the cabin crew discovered a fire in the aft lavatory. After contacting air traffic control (ATC) and declaring an emergency, the crew made an emergency descent, and ATC vectored Flight 797 to the Greater Cincinnati International Airport, Covington, Kentucky. At 1920:09, eastern daylight time, Flight 797 landed on runway 27L at the Greater Cincinnati International Airport. As the pilot stopped the airplane, the airport fire department, which had been alerted by the tower of the fire on board the incoming plane, was in place and began firefighting operations. Also, as soon as the airplane stopped, the flight attendants and passengers opened the left and right forward doors, the left forward overwing exit, and the forward and aft right overwing exits. About 60 to 90 seconds after the exits were opened; a flash fire enveloped the airplane interior. While 18 passengers and 3 flight attendants exited through the forward doors and slides and the three overwing exits to evacuate the airplane, the captain and first officer exited through their respective cockpit sliding windows. However, 23 passengers were not able to get out of the plane and died in the fire. The airplane was destroyed”

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