From SKYbrary Wiki
Climate encompasses the statistics of temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, precipitation, atmospheric particle count and other meteorological elemental measurements in a given region over long periods.
Climate is what you expect, weather is what you get.
The climate of a location is affected by its latitude, terrain, and altitude, as well as nearby water bodies and their currents. Climates can be classified according to the average and the typical ranges of different variables, most commonly temperature and precipitation. The most commonly used classification scheme, and that used throughout SKYbrary, was originally developed by Wladimir Köppen (see below).
Airport articles on SKYbrary include a brief summary of the climatology.
Certain regions of the world are known to present particular climatic challenges to aviation operations. SKYbrary contains a number of specific articles which summarise the climate of a region and the weather related safety threats to aviation:
SKYbrary contains articles on specific climatic phenomena which influence the global climate, for example El Nino, or which have a particular impact on the conduct of air operations across large parts of the globe, for example the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone.
Köppen Climate Classification
The Köppen classification depends on average monthly values of temperature and precipitation. The most commonly used form of the Köppen classification has five primary types labelled A through E. These primary types are A, tropical; B, dry; C, mild mid-latitude; D, cold mid-latitude; and E, polar. The five primary classifications can be further divided into secondary classifications such as rain forest, monsoon, tropical savanna, humid subtropical, humid continental, oceanic climate, Mediterranean climate, steppe, subarctic climate, tundra, polar ice cap, and desert.
Aw:tropical savannah climate
BWh:warm desert climate
Bwk:cold desert climate
Bsh:warm semi-arid climate
Bsk:cold semi-arid climate
Csa:warm Mediterranean climate
Csb:temperate Mediterranean climate
Cwa:humid subtropical climate
Cwb:temperate China climate
Cwc:cool China climate
Cfa:warm oceanic climate/humid subtropical climate
Cfb:temperate oceanic climate
Cfc:cool oceanic climate
Dsa:warm continental climate/Mediterranean continental climate
Dsb:temperate continental climate/Mediterranean continental climate
Dsc:cool continental climate
Dsd:cold continental climate
Dwa:warm continental climate/humid continental climate
Dwb:temperate continental climate/humid continental climate
Dwc:cool continental climate/subarctic climate
Dwd:cold continental climate/subarctic climate
Dfa:warm continental climate/humid continental climate
Dfb:temperate continental climate/humid continental climate
Dfc:cool continental climate/subarctic climate
Dfd:cold continental climate/subarctic climate
EF:ice cap climate