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CESSNA 208 Grand Caravan

From SKYbrary Wiki

Name 208 Grand Caravan
Manufacturer CESSNA
Body Narrow
Wing Fixed Wing
Position High wing (wing struts)
Tail Regular tail, mid set
WTC Light
Type code L1T
Engine Turboprop
Engine count Single
Position Nose mounted
Landing gear Tricycle fixed
Mass group 2

Manufacturered as:

CESSNA Grand Caravan
CESSNA Super Cargomaster
CESSNA 208 Super Cargomaster
CESSNA 208 Grand Caravan
CESSNA 208 Cargomaster
CESSNA 208 Caravan 1
CESSNA Caravan 1
CESSNA Cargomaster

CESSNA 208 Grand Caravan

CESSNA 208 Grand Caravan CESSNA 208 Grand Caravan 3D


Single turboprop utility aircraft. In service since 1984 (Grand Caravan since 1990). Close association development with US package freight FedEx. Stretched version 208B Super Cargomaster. Further stretched more powerful version for up to 14 passengers Grand Caravan. Short version 208S. New Twin-Pack version Pathfinder 21, developed by SOLOY, powered by two engines with single propeller by a dual-pac gearbox. US-mil. type: U27/C. Grand Caravan length: 12,7 m.

Technical Data

Wing span 15.9 m52.165 ft <br />
Length 11.5 m37.73 ft <br />
Height 4.3 m14.108 ft <br />
Powerplant 208: 1 x 600 SHP PWC PT6A-114 turboprop with 3 blade propeller.

208B: 1 x 675 SHP PWC PT6A-114A turboprop with 3 blade propeller.

Engine model Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6

Performance Data

Take-Off Initial Climb
(to 5000 ft)
Initial Climb
(to FL150)
Initial Climb
(to FL240)
MACH Climb Cruise Initial Descent
(to FL240)
(to FL100)
Descent (FL100
& below)
V2 (IAS) kts IAS kts IAS kts IAS kts MACH TAS 184 kts MACH IAS kts IAS kts Vapp (IAS) kts
Distance 740 m ROC ft/min ROC ft/min ROC ft/min ROC ft/min MACH ROD ft/min ROD ft/min MCS kts Distance 550 m
MTOW 39003,900 kg <br />3.9 tonnes <br /> kg Ceiling FL270 ROD ft/min APC A
WTC L Range 940940 nm <br />1,740,880 m <br />1,740.88 km <br />5,711,548.561 ft <br /> NM

Accidents & Serious Incidents involving C208

  • C208, Helsinki Finland, 2005 (On 31 January 2005, the pilot of a Cessna 208 which had just taken off from Helsinki lost control of their aircraft as the flaps were retracted and the aircraft stalled, rolled to the right and crashed within the airport perimeter. The Investigation found that the take off had been made without prior airframe de/anti icing and that accumulated ice and snow on the upper wing surfaces had led to airflow separation and the stall, a condition which the pilot had failed to recognise or respond appropriately to for undetermined reasons.)
  • C208, vicinity Pelee Island Canada, 2004 (On 17 January, 2004 a Cessna 208 Caravan operated by Georgian Express, took off from Pellee Island, Ontario, Canada, at a weight significantly greater than maximum permitted and with ice visible on the airframe. Shortly after take off, the pilot lost control of the aircraft and it crashed into a frozen lake.)