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BE9L, Zurich Switzerland, 2007

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Summary
On 27 September 2007, a Beech 90 King Air being operated single pilot by a small UK air taxi operator on a day cargo flight from Southend UK to Zurich left the runway after unintentionally touching down at destination without the landing gear extended following an approach in day VMC. The pilot, the only occupant, was uninjured but the aircraft was declared a hull loss because of substantial damage.
Event Details
When September 2007
Actual or Potential
Event Type
Human Factors, Runway Excursion
Day/Night Day
Flight Conditions VMC
Flight Details
Aircraft BEECH 90 King Air
Operator Trans Euro Air
Domicile United Kingdom
Type of Flight Public Transport (Cargo)
Origin London Southend Airport
Intended Destination Zürich Airport
Take off Commenced Yes
Flight Airborne Yes
Flight Completed No
Flight Phase Landing
LDG
Location - Airport
Airport Zürich Airport
HF
Tag(s) Distraction,
Ineffective Monitoring,
Manual Handling,
Procedural non compliance
RE
Tag(s) Overrun on Landing,
Excessive Airspeed,
Landing Performance Assessment
Outcome
Damage or injury Yes
Aircraft damage Hull loss
Causal Factor Group(s)
Group(s) Aircraft Operation
Safety Recommendation(s)
Group(s) None Made
Investigation Type
Type Independent

Description

On 27 September 2007, a Beech 90 King Air being operated single pilot by a small UK air taxi operator on a day cargo flight from Southend UK to Zurich left the runway after unintentionally touching down at destination without the landing gear extended following an approach in day Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC). The pilot, the only occupant, was uninjured but the aircraft was declared a hull loss because of substantial damage.

Investigation

An Investigation was carried out by the Swiss Aircraft Investigation Bureau. It was found that during the approach at destination, the pilot had asked if he could reduce his speed to 160 KIAS. Because of a jet aircraft next in the approach sequence, ATC inquired how long this speed could be maintained and were told until three miles. However, the speed of 160 KIAS was above the maximum permitted speed for extending the landing gear. The pilot forgot to lower the gear and the aircraft touched down almost half way down Runway 14 with its gear retracted, and departed the right side of the runway after a further 615 metres. It finally stopped approximately five metres from the runway edge having turned 90 degrees to the right

No indications of any pre-existing technical defects which may have contributed to the accident were found. The Formal Statement of cause was:

“The accident is attributable to the fact that the pilot forgot to extend the landing gear under self-imposed pressure of time.” It was noted that “the fact that the pilot decided to maintain, for an excessive period, a speed which made it difficult for him to establish the final approach configuration in good time contributed to the accident.”

The Final Report of the Investigation was published on 9 October 2008 and may be seen in full at SKYbrary bookshelf: Investigation Report No. u2005

No Safety Recommendations were made

Further Reading