From SKYbrary Wiki
- 1 Definition
- 2 The Foundations of Airmanship
- 2.1 Knowledge
- 2.2 Skills
- 2.3 Attitudes
- 3 Related OGHFA Articles
- 4 Further Reading
- 5 References
"Airmanship is the consistent use of good judgment and well-developed skills to accomplish flight objectives. This consistency is founded on a cornerstone of uncompromising flight discipline and is developed through systematic skill acquisition and proficiency. A high state of situational awareness completes the airmanship picture and is obtained through knowledge of one’s self, aircraft, environment, team and risk."
The Foundations of Airmanship
Knowledge of Aircraft
Deep understanding of aircraft sub-systems, emergency procedures, cockpit automation, aircraft flight characteristics and operating limits.
Knowledge of Environment
- Understanding the physical environment and the effects on aircraft control.
- Understanding the regulatory environment.
- Understanding the organisational environment and the challenges posed to airmanship.
Knowledge of Risk
Understanding the risks to discipline, skill and proficiency, knowledge, Situational Awareness, judgement, aircraft, self.
- Flying skills
- Navigation skills
- Instrument flying
- Emergency handling / recovery
Flight Deck Management Skills
- Avoiding the pitfalls of automation (over-reliance, complacency, bias)
- Information management skills
- Vigilance in monitoring communications
- Using appropriate communication (phraseology, clear, concise)
- Active listening - Inquiry through communications
- Understanding and maintaining situational awareness
- Problem solving / decision-making skills
- Understanding and managing workload
- Performance monitoring
- Interpersonal skills
- Co-ordination & decision-making
- Team communication and SA
- Understanding the five main hazardous attitudes, the antidotes and the impact on airmanship:
|Anti-Authority: "The regulations are for someone else")||"Follow the rules. They are that way for a reason."|
|Impulsivity: "I must act now, there's no time"||"Not so fast. Think first"|
|Invulnerability: "It won't happen to me"||"It could happen to me"|
|Macho: "I'll show you. I can do it"||"Taking chances is foolish"|
|Resignation: "What's the use?"||"Never give up. There is always something I can do"|
Understanding the values and principles embodied in airmanship.
- Developing the motivation needed for life-long learning
- Understanding the requirement for self-assessment in flight.
- Developing the will to achieve performance excellence
Discipline in terms of:
- Flight Preparation
- Flight discipline (e.g. vigilance/look-out, maintaining situational awareness, operational and regulatory policy)
- Knowledge and skills maintenance
- Post-flight evaluation
- Self-discipline (managing stress, managing attitudes)
Related OGHFA Articles
- OGHFA Checklist: Elements of Airmanship
- OGHFA Presentation: Airmanship
- OGHFA presentation: Situational Awareness
- Elements of Airmanship - OGHFA Checklist
- "What is Airmanship" - Flight Safety Australia, May-June 2005
- Airmanship Training for Modern Aircrew - NATO/BAE SYSTEMS, 2003.
- New Zealand Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) Publications, Vector Safety Magazine: Airmanship — Measuring Up.
- ^ Redefining Airmanship. Tony Kern. 1996.