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A319 / B737, Zurich Switzerland, 2002

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Summary
On 23 November 2002, an A319, landing on Rwy16 at Zurich Switzerland, narrowly missed collision with a B737 cleared for take off on an intersecting runway.
Event Details
When November 2002
Actual or Potential
Event Type
HF, RI
Day/Night Day
Flight Conditions On Ground - Normal Visibility
Flight Details
Aircraft AIRBUS A-319
Operator Swiss
Domicile Switzerland
Type of Flight Public Transport (Passenger)
Origin Barcelona
Intended Destination Zürich Airport
Flight Phase Landing
LDG
Flight Details
Aircraft BOEING 737-700
Operator Tunis Air
Domicile Tunisia
Type of Flight Public Transport (Passenger)
Origin Zürich Airport
Intended Destination Djerba-Zarzis
Flight Phase Take Off
TOF
Location - Airport
Airport Zürich Airport
General
Tag(s) Aircraft-aircraft near miss
HF
Tag(s) Ineffective Monitoring
ATC clearance error
RI
Tag(s) ATC error
Incursion pre Take off
Incursion after Landing
Intersecting Runways
Near Miss
Outcome
Damage or injury No
Causal Factor Group(s)
Group(s) Air Traffic Management
Safety Recommendation(s)
Group(s) Air Traffic Management
Airport Management
Investigation Type
Type Independent

Description

On 23 November 2002, an AIRBUS A-319, landing on Rwy16 at Zurich Switzerland, narrowly missed collision with a B737 cleared for take off on an intersecting runway.

Synopsis

The following is an extract from the official Swiss BFU report into the event:

"During the approach on the runway 14 instrument landing system (ILS) the [A319] asked the aerodrome controller (ADC) about the possibility of a swing-over to runway 16. At this time the aircraft was at a distance of approximately 3.1 nm5,741.2 m
5.741 km
18,835.958 ft
from the threshold of runway 14. The competent aerodrome controller gave clearance for this to the [A319], indicating that an aircraft was on take off roll on runway 28. Seventeen seconds after the clearance for the swing-over, [the A319] also received landing clearance for runway 16.

At the moment of issuing landing clearance to [the A319] the ADC was already involved for several minutes in an extensive dialogue with a previously under instrument flight rules (IFR) departed Cessna 172. These time-consuming radio communications were necessary because the Cessna’s transponder was not functioning.

In the meantime, in accordance with a previous clearance from the ADC, the next aircraft scheduled to take off, a Tunisair Boeing 737…, had aligned itself on runway 28 and had made ready for take-off. 1:25 minutes after [the A319] had received landing clearance for runway 16, [the B737] received take-off clearance from the ADC for runway 28. At this time [the A319] was about to touch down on runway 16. Shortly after touching down on runway 16, the flight crew of [the A319] became aware of [the B737], which was taking off. The CMD immediately initiated full braking of the Airbus 319. As a result it was possible to bring the [A319] to a halt about 50 m164.042 ft north of the shoulder of runway 28. From this standstill position, the flight crew of [the A319] observed the [the B737] which was taking off low over the runway intersection…"

LSZH Runways
Intersecting Runways 16 and 28

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