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Portal:Airport Climatology/United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii)

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Tag(s) Climatic Phenomena

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The Climate of United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii)

North America extends to within 10° of latitude of both the equator and the North Pole. It embraces every climatic zone, from Tropical Monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am) in Florida, Subarctic and Tundra climates (Köppen climate classification Dfc & ET) prevail in northern Canada, and desert and semiarid conditions (Köppen climate classification BWh & BSk) found in interior regions cut off by high mountains from rain-bearing westerly winds. The West coast enjoys Mediterranean climate in the south (Köppen climate classification Csb) and an Oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb)further north as far as southern Alaska. The eastern half of North America has a continental climate - Humid Sub-Tropical (Köppen climate classification Cfa) in the southern United States and Humid Continental (Köppen climate classification Dfa & Dfb) around the Great Lakes and Atlantic Canada.

Airports

The following map shows the Köppen climate classification (KCC) for aerodromes across United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) which are listed on SKYbrary:

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   Af: equatorial climate
   Am: monsoon climate
   Aw: tropical savannah climate
   BWh: warm desert climate
   Bwk: cold desert climate
   Bsh: warm semi-arid climate
   Bsk: cold semi-arid climate
   Csa: warm Mediterranean climate
   Csb: temperate Mediterranean climate
   Cwa: humid subtropical climate
   Cwb: temperate China climate
   Cwc: cool China climate
   Cfa: warm oceanic climate/ humid subtropical climate
   Cfb: temperate oceanic climate
   Cfc: cool oceanic climate
   Dsa: warm continental climate/ Mediterranean continental climate
   Dsb: temperate continental climate/ Mediterranean continental climate
   Dsc: cool continental climate
   Dsd: cold continental climate
   Dwa: warm continental climate/ humid continental climate
   Dwb: temperate continental climate/ humid continental climate
   Dwc: cool continental climate/ subarctic climate
   Dwd: cold continental climate/ subarctic climate
   Dfa: warm continental climate/ humid continental climate
   Dfb: temperate continental climate/ humid continental climate
   Dfc: cool continental climate/ subarctic climate
   Dfd: cold continental climate/ subarctic climate
   ET: tundra climate
   EF: ice cap climate

Climatic and Weather Phenomena Affecting Aviation in United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii)

  • Tropical Revolving Storms - the US states bordering the Gulf of Mexico are prone to Hurricanes between July and October.
  • Tornados - Tornados occur regularly in the Mid-West of the USA and occasionally in southern Canada (Ontario).
  • Freezing Rain - Freezing Rain can affect many airports in the north east of the USA and southern/atlantic Canada in the winter months.