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Local Runway Safety Teams (LRST)
A Local Runway Safety Team is a key element in an aerodrome runway safety programme and should ensure that a strong focus is maintained on runway safety across all parties creating, de facto, an aerodrome level safety management function. At some aerodromes cross- disciplinary teams may already exist that could carry out the functions of the Runway Safety Team, using a discrete runway safety agenda. If such teams are employed it is essential that their work is not duplicated; instead the work should be integrated as part of the aerodrome’s runway safety action plan.
The establishment of a Local Runway Safety Team is intended to facilitate effective local implementation of the recommendations contained in the European level action plans for the prevention of Runway Incursions and Runway Excursions and to stimulate proactive management of runway safety.
Specific objectives include:
- Identify potential runway safety issues by reviewing aerodrome practices regularly, and when relevant information is available, from incident investigation findings.
- Develop appropriate risk prevention measures and creation of awareness of potential solutions;
- Advise management on runway safety issues and recommend mitigation measures;
- Create a plan containing action items for mitigating runway safety deficiencies. Action items should be aerodrome specific and linked to a runway safety concern, issue or problem at that aerodrome.
- Monitor the number, type and, the severity of runway incursions;
- Identify any local problem areas and suggest improvements e.g. by sharing the outcome of investigation reports to establish local hot spots or problem areas at the aerodrome and workable mitigations with and for operational staff;
- Work as a cohesive team to better understand the operating difficulties of personnel who work in other areas and recommend areas for improvement;
- Ensure that the recommendations contained in the European action plans for the prevention of runway incursions and runway excursions are implemented;
- Conduct a runway safety awareness campaign that focuses on local issues, e.g. produce and distribute local hot spot maps or other guidance material as considered necessary; and
- Review the airfield to ensure it is adequate and compliant with ICAO Standards and recommended practices regularly.
The LRST should consist of, as a minimum, representatives from the main groups associated with takeoff and landing operations, namely the Aerodrome Operator (which could include navigation aids engineers, infrastructure maintenance etc.) Meteorological Offices and Aeronautical Information Service Providers, representatives from the Air Navigation Service Provider, local Air Traffic Controller associations and pilots from Aircraft Operators, local pilot associations that operate at the aerodrome and other relevant organisations that operate on the manoeuvring area.
Preparing a Runway Safety Programme for an Aerodrome
A runway safety programme should demonstrate an understanding of the implications of a runway and taxiway layout and of the effects of traffic intensity and mix, taxiway designations and both visual and non-visual aids such as markings, lighting and signage. The context provided by AYS procedures including the use of radar systems and the communication of the prevailing runway safety situation through the AIP and through NOTAMS should be recognised.
Each action item should designate a responsible person or organisation for completing the relevant tasks. There may be more than one person or organisation affected by an action item; however, one person or organisation should take the lead and be responsible for the completion of all the tasks associated with the action item. A realistic time frame to accomplish the work should also be associated with each action item.
The Local Runway Safety Team can also consider the local operating procedures employed by different companies at the aerodrome. One objective for a runway safety programme will be to create or enhance procedures that are integrated where necessary so as to minimise the risk of runway incursions and runway excursions. Extra care should be taken when examining existing or proposed runway capacity enhancing procedures or noise abatement schemes involving preferential runway systems.
Lessons learned from Local Runway Safety Team experience include writing a runway safety programme with the understanding that it may be unrealistic to expect flight crews to be familiar with local procedures. In addition, local difficulties may be encountered at aerodromes where ICAO provisions have not been respected.
for further information, see the guidance provided by the European Action Plans for Runway Incursions and Runway Excursions below.
European Action Plans
- European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Incursions, Appendix B - Guidelines for Local Runway Safety Teams
- European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Excursions, Appendix A - Guidelines for Local Runway Safety Teams
- European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Incursions (EAPPRI), Edition 2.0, April 2011
- European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Excursions (EAPPRE), Edition 1.0, January 2013
- Runway Incursion
- Runway Excursion
- ICAO Doc 9870, Chapter 3
- ICAO Runway Safety Team Handbook, First Edition, January 2014
- Runway Safety Newsletter February 2007 includes some of the issues presented at the EUROCONTROL Local Runway Safety Team Seminar held in April 2006:
- RWY Safety Maturity Checklist a MS Excel tool developed by CANSO to successfully measure the safety maturity of runways
- RWY Safety Maturity Checklist Flyer
- RWY Safety Maturity Checklist a presentation by EUROCONTROL