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Climate: Caribbean

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Category: Weather Weather
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Tag(s) Climatic Phenomena

The Climate of the Caribbean

The Caribbean climate is tropical, moderated to a certain extent by the prevailing north-east trade winds. Individual climatic conditions are strongly dependent on elevation. The long rainy season lasts from May to October and the dry season from December to March. Even in the wet season, precipitation varies depending on local topography; for example, the windward side of islands with mountains receive more rain than the leeward side.

Hurricanes

Tropical Revolving Storms have considerable impact on aviation, causing considerable damage to infrastructure and aircraft caught on the ground and a significant hazard to aircraft in flight.

The Hurricane season lasts from June to November and affects most Caribbean islands north of Grenada. Barbados and Trinidad, in the south-east, seldom experience hurricanes. The frequency and severity of storms varies from year to year and may be influenced by other climatic factors such as El Niño/La Niña.

The following map shows the Köppen climate classification for the Caribbean and neighbouring territory. The area affected by Hurricanes is shown in grey:

Map showing areas affected by Hurricanes in the Caribbean
Map showing areas affected by Hurricanes in the Caribbean

Airports

The following map shows the Köppen climate classification for aerodromes across the Caribbean which are listed on SKYbrary:

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   Af:equatorial climate
   Am:monsoon climate
   Aw:tropical savannah climate
   BWh:warm desert climate
   Bwk:cold desert climate
   Bsh:warm semi-arid climate
   Bsk:cold semi-arid climate
   Csa:warm Mediterranean climate
   Csb:temperate Mediterranean climate
   Cwa:humid subtropical climate
   Cwb:temperate China climate
   Cwc:cool China climate
   Cfa:warm oceanic climate/humid subtropical climate
   Cfb:temperate oceanic climate
   Cfc:cool oceanic climate
   Dsa:warm continental climate/Mediterranean continental climate
   Dsb:temperate continental climate/Mediterranean continental climate
   Dsc:cool continental climate
   Dsd:cold continental climate
   Dwa:warm continental climate/humid continental climate
   Dwb:temperate continental climate/humid continental climate
   Dwc:cool continental climate/subarctic climate
   Dwd:cold continental climate/subarctic climate
   Dfa:warm continental climate/humid continental climate
   Dfb:temperate continental climate/humid continental climate
   Dfc:cool continental climate/subarctic climate
   Dfd:cold continental climate/subarctic climate
   ET:tundra climate
   EF:ice cap climate